What is future perfect tense? ELAN

What is FUTURE PERFECT TENSE?

In this lesson, we take a look into understanding the Future Perfect Tense. This lesson helps us to understand the rules and usages of this tense and then we will try to do a simple conversation to gain better clarity with the help of a conversation.

What are the RULES of using Future Perfect Tense?

TO HAVE

  • POSITIVE: SUB + WILL HAVE + HAD ( 3rd FORM OF HAVE) + OBJECT
  • NEGATIVE: SUB + WILL NOT HAVE + HAD ( 3rd FORM OF HAVE) + OBJECT
  • INTERROGATIVE:  WILL + SUB + HAVE + HAD ( 3rd FORM OF HAVE) + OBJECT?
Positive (TO HAVE)Negative (to have)Negative short formYes / No questions
I will have hadI will not have hadI won’t have hadWill I  have had?
You will have hadYou will not have hadYou  won’t have hadWill you have had?
He will have hadHe will not have hadHe  won’t have hadWill he have had?
She will have hadShe will not have hadShe won’t have hadWill she have had?
It will have hadIt will not have hadIt  won’t have hadWill it have had?
We will have hadWe will not have hadWe  won’t have hadWill we have had?
They will have hadThey  will not have hadThey  won’t have hadWill they have had?

TO DO (ACTION VERBS)

  • POSITIVE: SUB + WILL HAVE + VERB 3 + OBJECT
  • NEGATIVE: SUB + WILL NOT HAVE + VERB 3  + OBJECT
  • INTERROGATIVE: WILL HAVE + SUB + VERB 3 + OBJECT?
Positive (of ‘play’)Negative (of ‘play’)Negative short formYes / No questions
I will have playedI will not have played.I won’t have playedWill I have played?
You will have playedYou will not have played.You won’t have playedWill you have played?
He will have playedHe will not have played.He won’t have playedWill he have played?
She will have playedShe will not have played.She won’t have playedWill she have played?
It will have playedIt will not have played.It won’t have playedWill it have played?
We will have playedWe will not have played.We won’t have playedWill we have played?
They will have playedThey will not have played.They won’t haven’t playedWill they have played?

Future Perfect Tense – Usages

Usage 1

To express an action which is expected to be completed by a certain time in the future.

  • For example – 
  • I will have convinced him before he leaves home.
  • They will have reached Pune, by 10 pm, next evening.
  • He will have broken the ice before anyone else starts the conversation.
  • Mr Ambani will have gone to celebrate Diwali before the festival starts.
  • He will have got the house constructed before next winter.
  • They will have moved somewhere else, by the end of this year.

Usage 2

To express the speaker’s belief that something has taken place. In such sentences, it doesn’t express the future. For example –

  • I am dead sure, he will have slept well.
  • Father will have beaten him this time.
  • She will have convinced her friend for buying a new scooter.
  • Kids will have come back from the picnic.
  • The doctor will have given him an injection.
  • You will have shown him around the city.

CONVERSATION ON FUTURE PERFECT TENSE

Let’s practice a conversation in the future perfect tense for better clarity. Try to read it out loud while practising this conversation.

FUTURE PERFECT TENSE-

Sam- Will you have shopped for your friend’s marriage, in next one hour?

Sarah- Sorry! I will not have done it in the next two hours also.

Sam- Then, when will you have free time for me? We have to go back home also.

Sarah- I guess, within next four hours I will have wound up my shopping task.

Sam- Have you gone mad? By that the time I will get frustrated as well as tired, literally. 

Sarah- So what, you will have exhausted yourself, I will not. So, how will it impact me?

Sam- Drastically, it will have impacted you. After five hours of shopping, you will have driven our car for one hour. So my dear sister, think now, how much tired you will become by the end of the day.

Sarah- Why will I drive our car? You are here for this job.

Sam- You will have driven our car since I will have slept soon.

Sarah- OMG! If this is the scene, I would have completed my shopping in the next half an hour only.

This was a typical conversation using the simple rules of present perfect tense.

FAQs:

What is future perfect tense with examples?
Future Perfect Tense. So, now we know know future perfect tense verbs contain will + have + verb (ending in -ed). 

What is the definition of future perfect tense?
The future perfect is a verb form or construction used to describe an event that is expected or planned to happen before a time-of-reference in the future, such as will have finished in the English sentence “I will have finished by tomorrow.”

What is the perfect tense? The perfect form is the verb tense used to indicate a completed, or “perfected,” action or condition. Verbs can appear in any one of three perfect tenses: present perfect, past perfect, and future perfect.

Read more on – Present Perfect Tense , Present Perfect Progressive Tense

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