Rules of Tenses

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
RULES
TO BE VERB

  • POSITIVE: SUB + IS/AM/ARE + OBJECT
  • NEGATIVE: SUB + IS/AM/ARE + NOT + OBJECT
  • INTERROGATIVE: IS/AM/ARE + SUB + OBJECT?
Positive Positive Short Form Negative Negative short form Yes / No Questions
I am I’m I am not I’m not Am I?
you are You’re You are not You aren’t Are you?
He is He’s He is not He isn’t Is he?
She is She’s She is not She isn’t Is she?
It is It’s It is not It isn’t Is it?
We are We’re We are not We aren’t Are we?
They are They’re They are not They aren’t Are they?

TO HAVE

  • POSITIVE: SUB + HAS/HAVE + OBJECT
  • NEGATIVE: SUB + DO NOT/DOES NOT + HAVE + OBJECT
  • INTERROGATIVE: DO /DOES + SUB + HAVE + OBJECT?
Positive (TO HAVE) Negative (to have) Negative short form Yes / No questions
I have I do not have I don’t have Do I have?
You have You do not have You don’t have Do you have?
He has He does not have He doesn’t have Do es he have?
She has She does not have She doesn’t have Does she have?
It has It does not have It doesn’t have Do es it have?
We have We do not have We don’t have Do we have?
They have They do not have They don’t have Do they have?

TO DO (ACTION VERBS)

  • POSITIVE: SUB + VERB 1/VERB 1 (S/ES) + OBJECT
  • NEGATIVE: SUB + DO NOT/DOES NOT + VERB 1/VERB 1 (S/ES) + OBJECT
  • INTERROGATIVE: DO /DOES + SUB + VERB 1/VERB 1 (S/ES) + OBJECT?
Positive (of ‘play’) Negative (of ‘play’) Negative short form Yes / No questions
I play I do not play I don’t play Do I play?
You play You do not play You don’t play Do you play?
He plays He does not play He doesn’t play Does he play?
She plays She does not play She doesn’t play Does she play?
It plays It does not play It doesn’t play Does it play?
We play We do not play We don’t play Do we play?
They play They do not play They don’t play Do they play?

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