PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE

How to use SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE?

RULES

Let’s first analyse some of the rules of using Simple Preset Tense and then we will take a look into writing sentences. Simple Present is one of the easiest tense cases and can be used in many communication styles. Correct choice of Verb us very important when we practice Tenses. Make sure you have a strong understanding of the three forms of verbs.

TO BE VERB

  • POSITIVE: SUB + IS/AM/ARE + OBJECT
  • NEGATIVE: SUB + IS/AM/ARE + NOT + OBJECT
  • INTERROGATIVE: IS/AM/ARE + SUB + OBJECT?

Positive Positive Short Form Negative Negative short form Yes / No Questions
I am I’m I am not I’m not Am I?
you are You’re You are not You aren’t Are you?
He is He’s He is not He isn’t Is he?
She is She’s She is not She isn’t Is she?
It is It’s It is not It isn’t Is it?
We are We’re We are not We aren’t Are we?
They are They’re They are not They aren’t Are they?

TO HAVE

  • POSITIVE: SUB + HAS/HAVE + OBJECT
  • NEGATIVE: SUB + DO NOT/DOES NOT + HAVE + OBJECT
  • INTERROGATIVE: DO /DOES + SUB + HAVE + OBJECT?

Positive (TO HAVE) Negative (to have) Negative short form Yes / No questions
I have I do not have I don’t have Do I have?
You have You do not have You don’t have Do you have?
He has He does not have He doesn’t have Does he have?
She has She does not have She doesn’t have Does she have?
It has It does not have It doesn’t have Do es it have?
We have We do not have We don’t have Do we have?
They have They do not have They don’t have Do they have?

TO DO (ACTION VERBS)

  • POSITIVE: SUB + VERB 1/VERB 1 (S/ES) + OBJECT
  • NEGATIVE: SUB + DO NOT/DOES NOT + VERB 1/VERB 1 (S/ES) + OBJECT
  • INTERROGATIVE: DO /DOES + SUB + VERB 1/VERB 1 (S/ES) + OBJECT?

Positive (of ‘play’) Negative (of ‘play’) Negative short form Yes / No questions
I play I do not play. I don’t play. Do I play?
You play You do not play. You don’t play. Do you play?
He plays He does not play. He doesn’t play. Does he play?
She plays She does not play. She doesn’t play. Does she play?
It plays It does not play. It doesn’t play. Does it play?
We play We do not play. We don’t play. Do we play?
They play They do not play. They don’t play. Do they play?

Simple Present Tense- Usages

In this section, we will take a look into realisng the usages of Simple Present Tense when we express our reactions, some general truths, commentaries etc.

Usage 1

To express how you feel at the moment or to tell your immediate reaction to something. Examples-

  • I am hurt.
  • I feel giddy.
  • I need some fresh air.
  • I smell something burning in the kitchen.
  • I see a bird flying.
  • I understand you (at the time of moment).

Usage 2

To talk about a settled state of affairs which includes the present moment but where the particular time reference is not important or to speak about a situation or a fact that is permanent. For example–

  • One of my relatives is a banker.
  • Kerala is the highest literate state of India.
  • Mr Verma belongs to my native place.
  • Mrs Jaitely’s daughter lives abroad.
  • By profession, he is an advocate.
  • MR. Smith is a classy man.

Usage 3

To express generals truths. For example –

  • Change is the only thing constant.
  • It often rains in hilly areas.
  • Glucose gives instant energy.
  • Sugar causes weight gain.
  • Cherrapunji receives the highest rainfall in the world.
  • Seawater is salty.

Usage 4

To express regular or habitual actions. For examples –    

  • I take coffee in the morning and milk at night.
  • I go for a stroll every evening.
  • Shiwangi’s father always pampers her.
  • Kids play a lot.
  • She keeps mum in front of her teacher.
  • He always reaches the office late.

Usage 5

In reviews. (of a book, a play, or a film). For example –

  • In this TV serial, the lead actor becomes invisible after taking magic potions.
  • This author starts every chapter at a positive note.
  • In her school drama, throughout the play, she looks beautiful.
  • In movie Padamavat, actor Ranveer Singh Dances aggressively.
  • Taare Zameen Par is a movie which tells about the flaws of the Indian Education system.
  • Daily soaps telecast almost the same stories.

Usage 6

In commentaries. For example –

  • Ball hits the stump and umpire signals run out.
  • Forward player kicks the football and it’s a goal.
  • Roger Federer serves as an ace.
  • Virat Kohli hits a six on James Anderson’s ball.
  • Child kicks the football and the clock gets broken.
  • P. V. Sindhu wins Asian Badminton Championship.

Usage 7

For reporting an action or an event. For example –

  • She reacts likes nothing is wrong.
  • The shopkeeper sells pens at a lower price.
  • He goes in and closes the door from inside.
  • He plays guitar and everybody is mesmerized.
  • Chief Guest arrives late and annual function gets delayed.
  • He tries a lot not to lose his patience.

Usage 8

In commenting. For examples –

  • I always count on my best friend.
  • I do not make friends with everyone easily.
  • I do not agree that curiosity always kills the cat.
  • Peace of mind is more important not pieces of mind (sarcastic).
  • I leave my fate on almighty.
  • Trusting others is a trait of trustworthy people.

Usage 9

The past incident narrated in the simple present tense: Examples –

  • I want to share my last week experience. I go to the car service centre and see a long waiting queue. I try to have nexus with one of the car service centre employees to get my number early.
  • However, one person from the queue starts messing with me. Soon it converts into a heated argument. After listening to our quarrelling, other people who are also waiting for their turn come there and get the matter sorted out/ solved.

Usage 10

To express a planned future action. Examples –

  • My journey to Northeast India starts next month.
  • My child’s school resumes tomorrow.
  • Train departs at 6 pm in the evening (future).
  • Our meeting starts after lunch.
  • I go to see my doctor, next Wednesday.
  • We go for school picnic on Sunday (future).

Usage 11

To express a subordinate clause introduced by if or when. For example –

  • If you study hard, you will pass your exam with flying colours.
  • When you study, you should sit straight.
  • If you watch TV the whole day long, you may get spectacles soon.
  • When the rainy season comes, we need to carry an umbrella with us.
  • If I go to Mumbai, I will visit Siddhivinayak Temple for sure.
  • When you ride, you must wear a helmet.

Usage 12

In Imperative sentences: For examples –

  • Don’t argue with me.
  • Go and get one glass of water for me.
  • Stop playing and start studying.
  • Open the door.
  • Don’t tell a blatant lie.
  • Kindly speak a bit softly.

CONVERSATION ON SIMPLE PRESENT

In this section, try to read the conversation out loud and realise the usages that we have just learnt above.

SIMPLE PRESENT

Sam- Do you have my pen?

Sarah- I don’t have. Why don’t you ask mom?

Sam- You always steal my things.

Sarah- You always accuse me for everything. Get a life! and leave

Sam- Ya sure. I should always listen to you. You are the queen.

Sarah- Oh ya, I am the queen because my parents treat me like a queen.

Sam- hahaha, because you are adopted!

Sarah- Everyone knows who is adopted. Dad always scolds you. Nobody in our family takes you seriously.

Sam- NO.. they give you special treatment so you don’t feel left out. Don’t be happy about it. 

Sarah- Mom, Sam is disturbing me.

Sam- Ssshhhh..  Mom I am not even in the house!

 

FAQs around Simple Present Tense

Do we use “do” and “does” to form questions with present simple?

Yes. You use do and does to form questions with the present simpleWe use does for the third person singular (she/he/it) and do for the others. We use do and does with question words like where, what and when: Where do Manish and Shiwangi live?

What is a simple question?

A simple question is what someone asks, usually when there is something that he or she does not know about. In writing, a question mark (“?”) comes at the end of a question.

What are the types of Present Tense?

There are four present tenses: simple presentpresent perfect, present continuous, and present perfect continuous. In the post above, we discussed about Simple Present Tense only and its 12 usages. 

What are the 5 questions?

The Five Ws, Five Ws and one H, or the Six Ws are questions that help a speaker to gather information.  They are What, When, Where, When, Why and How.

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