In this lesson, we will peak into the rules and usage of present perfect tense and then we will practice a conversation for a better understanding. If you like them, feel free to share them with your friends and also request for more quizzes around such topics.
- POSITIVE: SUB + HAS/HAVE + HAD ( 3rd FORM OF HAVE) + OBJECT
- NEGATIVE: SUB + HAS/HAVE NOT + HAD ( 3rd FORM OF HAVE) + OBJECT
- INTERROGATIVE: HAS/HAVE + SUB + HAD ( 3rd FORM OF HAVE) + OBJECT?
|Positive (TO HAVE)||Negative (to have)||Negative short form||Yes / No questions|
|I have had||I have not had||I haven’t had||Have I had?|
|You have had||You have not had||You haven’t had||Have you had?|
|He has had||He has not had||He hasn’t had||Has he had?|
|She has had||She has not had||She hasn’t had||Has she had?|
|It has had||It has not had||It hasn’t had||Has it had?|
|We have had||We have not had||We haven’t had||Have we had?|
|They have had||They have not had||They haven’t had||Have they had?|
TO DO (ACTION VERBS)
- POSITIVE: SUB + HAS/HAVE + VERB 3 + OBJECT
- NEGATIVE: SUB + HAS/HAVE + VERB 3 + OBJECT
- INTERROGATIVE: HAS/HAVE + SUB + VERB 3 + OBJECT?
|Positive (of ‘play’)||Negative (of ‘play’)||Negative short form||Yes / No questions|
|I have played||I have not played.||I haven’t played.||Have I played?|
|You have played||You have not played.||You haven’t played.||Have you played?|
|He has played||He has not played.||He hasn’t played.||Has he played?|
|She has played||She has not played.||She hasn’t played.||Has she played?|
|It has played||It has not played.||It hasn’t played.||Has it played?|
|We have played||We have not played.||We haven’t played.||Have we played?|
|They have played||They have not played.||They haven’t played.||Have they played?|
Present Perfect Tense- Usages
To indicate completed activities in the immediate past (with or without just). For example –
- I just have paid my phone bill.
- Principal Sir just has entered the assembly hall.
- Shiwangi has called her up just now.
- I have lost my temper.
- Manish has prepared breakfast for everyone.
- I have washed all the utensils.
To express past action whose time is not given and not definite. for example –
- Shiwangi has gone to the parlour.
- We have reminded that client about his dues, four times.
- We have booked a caterer in advance.
- He has got settled.
- I have done all the arrangements for the Diwali celebration.
- They have bought a new house.
To describe a past experience the effect of which may be felt in the present. For example –
- He has gone through ups and downs of life.
- My child has eaten all chocolates. ( chocolate is no more there).
- I have been to Mumbai several times.
- She has bought all the groceries. ( There is no need of buying now).
- Has he paid his EMI for this month? ( Or he still needs to pay) ?
- I have convinced my parents about buying a new car. ( Now they are ready for buying a new car).
To express an action that began in the past and still continues. For example –
- I have lived in Gurugram for last 10 years.
- My parents and I have been at home for the last four days.
- My brother has not eaten anything since morning.
- I have not met my friend for the last 5 days.
- Shiwangi has not gone to PVR for the last four months.
- They have not given his salary since July 2019.
CONVERSATION ON PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
PRESENT PERFECT TENSE-
Sam- Have your wits gone wool-gathering?
Sarah- Have you lost your senses? Why have you asked such an irritating question?
Sam- You have not turned off the stove and milk has boiled over.
Sarah- Oh my god! It has spilt over the counter. The counter has become dirty.
Sam- Yes! Now I have got something to complain to mom against you. Hahahaha!
Sarah- Have you forgotten, mom has given this responsibility to both of us? Mom has asked, if anything goes wrong in her absence, the accountability has been given to us.
Sam- By the way, till now you have not cleaned the counter? The milk has started falling on the floor in the form of drops.
Sarah- You have disturbed me so much and that I have forgotten all important things.
Sam- See! Once again you have blamed me for your mistake.
Examples of using present perfect in talking about events that happened in the recent past but the effect of the recent event is still felt in the present.
Example: The junior staff have worked on a new project . They have been successful in establishing a good rapport with the client.
The present perfect of any verb is composed of two elements : the appropriate form of the auxiliary verb to have (present tense), plus the past participle of the main verb.
Present perfect is a tense of a word that indicates that an action has ended but not at a definite time.
Check out this link – https://elaninternational.in/how-to-use-present-perfect-progressive-tense/