How to use Nouns in English Grammar?

How to use nouns in English Grammar?

NOUN: DEFINITION & TYPES

Nouns refer to persons, animals, places, things, ideas, or events, etc. Nouns encompass most of the words of a language.

Noun can be a/an –

  1. Person – a name for a person: – Max, Julie, Catherine, Michel, Bob, etc.
  2. Animal – a name for an animal: – dog, cat, cow, kangaroo, etc.
  3. Place – a name for a place: – London, Australia, Canada, Mumbai, etc.
  4. Thing – a name for a thing: – bat, ball, chair, door, house, computer, etc.
  5. Idea – A name for an idea: – devotion, superstition, happiness, excitement, etc.

Examples of Noun as a Part of Speech:

  • Alex is a wonderful player.
  • Sydney Lions is the team he plays for.
  • He was not born in this country.
  • Sydney is the city he lives in.
  • He is a man of dream.
  • The bat is made of wood from a tree.
  • My brother has a mobile phone.
  • The phone is made of plastic and
  • I need some water for the cake.
  • The jug is on the table.
  • There is also a pen and a diary on it.
  • Truthfulness is a virtue that is rare nowadays.
  • Honesty depends mostly on truthfulness and integrity.
  • The cat used to eat a cookie every day.
  • I have a phone, few books, a notepad, a table-calendar, and a computer on my desk.

PROPER NOUN:

proper noun is a name which refers only to a single person, place, or thing and there is no common name for it. In written English, a proper noun always begins with capital letters.

Example: Melbourne (it refers to only one particular city), Steve (refers to a particular person),

Australia (there is no other country named Australia; this name is fixed for only one country).

Definition of Proper Noun:

A proper noun is a name of someone/something which denotes a particular person/thing. It always begins with a capital letter.

Example of Proper Noun:

  • Alex is a wonderful player.
  • He plays for Sydney Sixers.
  • He was born in England.
  • He moved to Australia when he was young.
  • He lives in Sydney.
  • He plays for Kolkata in IPL.
  • He plays for Dhaka in BPL.
  • Michael Clarke is his mentor.
  • He has a house across the Georges River.
  • He goes for a walk by the river every Monday.
  • His friend Max accompanies him.
  • Max was born in South Africa.
  • He is a fan of Hugh Jackman and the movie Wolverine.
  • He has a dog named Poppy.

COMMON NOUN:

common noun is a name for something which is common for many things, person, or places. It encompasses a particular type of things, person, or places.

Example: Country (it can refer to any country, nothing in particular), city (it can refer to any city like Melbourne, Mumbai, Toronto, etc. but nothing in particular).

So, a common noun is a word that indicates a person, place, thing, etc. In general and a proper noun is a specific one of those.

Definition of Common Noun:

A common noun is a name for a type of thing, person, species, or etc. which denotes a general name for something.

Example of Common Noun:

  • Alex is a wonderful player.
  • Sydney Sixers is the team he plays for.
  • He was not born in this country.
  • Sydney is the city he lives in.
  • He is a man of dream.
  • He plays cricket with intensity.
  • Michael Clarke is his mentor.
  • He has a house across the river.
  • He goes for a walk by the river every day.
  • His friend accompanies him.
  • They talk about movies and celebrities.
  • He is a fan of Hugh Jackman and the movie Wolverine.
  • He has a dog named Poppy.
  • He has a house and a car also.

ABSTRACT NOUN:

An abstract noun is a word for something that cannot be seen but is there. It has no physical existence. Generally, it refers to ideas, qualities, and conditions.

Example: Truth, lies, happiness, sorrow, time, friendship, humor, patriotism, etc.

Definition of Abstract Noun:

An abstract noun is a name for something which is intangible.

Example:

  • Truthfulness is a virtue that is rare nowadays.
  • Honesty depends mostly on truthfulness and integrity.
  • Childhood is the best time to build it.
  • Different people may have different ideasopinions, and beliefs.
  • But some virtues receive universal acknowledgment.
  • Courage, bravery, honesty, intelligence, perseverance, etc. are the best of virtues.
  • Kindness, fidelity, justness, faithfulness, optimism, etc. are also good virtues.
  • There are also some commonly acknowledged vices.
  • Dishonesty, treachery, infidelity, brutality, pessimism, etc. are some of the vices.
  • Hatred, malice, vengefulness, cruelty, spitefulness, etc. are some negative qualities.

CONCRETE NOUN:

concrete noun is the exact opposite of abstract noun. It refers to the things we see and have physical existence.

Example: Chair, table, bat, ball, water, money, sugar, etc.

Definition of Material Noun:

A material noun is a name for something which is tangible.

Example:

  • I have a cricket bat in my closet.
  • The bat is made of wood from a tree.
  • My brother has a mobile phone.
  • The phone is made of plastic and metal.
  • I need some water for the cake.
  • The jug is on the table.
  • There is also a pen and a diary on it.
  • The pen is out of ink.
  • Your shirt has a button short.
  • This ring is made of gold and diamond.
  • The bricks are loose on this wall.

COUNTABLE NOUN:

The nouns that can be counted are called countable nouns. Countable nouns can take an article: a, an, the.

Example: Chair, table, bat, ball, etc. (you can say 1 chair, 2 chairs, 3 chairs – so chairs are countable)

Definition of Countable Noun

A noun which can be counted in cardinal numbers (1, 2, 3 . . .) is called a countable noun.

Example Countable Noun:

  • I bought a book of neurology.
  • The book has 269 pages in it.
  • It has 39 chapters in it.
  • Each chapter covers 5 topics.
  • Alex has four pencils.
  • He also has three erasers.
  • He has a car.
  • The car contains four seats.
  • He had a cat when he was young.
  • The cat used to eat a cookie every day.
  • I have a phone, few books, a notepad, a table-calendar, and a computer on my desk.
  • I love to listen to songs when I work.
  • How many times did I tell you to do this?
  • I did it many times when I was young.
  • Bring me a glass of water.

NON-COUNTABLE NOUN:

The nouns that cannot be counted are called non-countable nouns.

Example: Water, sugar, oil, salt, etc. (you cannot say “1 water, 2 water, 3 water” because water is not countable)

Abstract nouns and proper nouns are always non-countable nouns, but common nouns and concrete nouns can be both count and non-count nouns.

Definition of Un-countable Noun:

A noun that cannot be counted with the cardinal numbers is called an uncountable noun.

Example Un-countable Noun:

  • I need some drinking water.
  • Have some juice, please.
  • Do you need some gas for your car?
  • We need a lot of money for the business.
  • Do you want some milk?
  • I need some ricebaconcream, and oil.
  • Do you drink coffee or tea in the morning?
  • Can you please check the salt of the curry?
  • I would like to have some beer after lunch.
  • How much time do you need?
  • I need some more time.
  • Bring me a cup of soup.

COLLECTIVE NOUN:

collective noun is a word for a group of things, people, or animals, etc.

Example: family, team, jury, cattle, etc.

Collective nouns can be both plural and singular. However, Americans prefer to use collective nouns as singular, but both of the uses are correct in other parts of the world.

Compound Noun:

Sometimes two or three nouns appear together, or even with other parts of speech, and create idiomatic compound nouns. Idiomatic means that those nouns behave as a unit and, to a lesser or greater degree, amount to more than the sum of their parts.

Example: six-pack, five-year-old, and son-in-law, snowball, mailbox, etc.

FUNCTIONS OF NOUNS

Nouns can be used as a subject, a direct object, and an indirect object of a verb; as an object of a preposition; and as an adverb or adjective in sentences. Nouns can also show possession.

Subject: The company is doing great. Roses are the flowers of love.

Direct object: I finally bought a new mobile.

Indirect object: Max gave Carol another chocolate.

Object of preposition: Roses are the flowers of love.

Adverb: The train leaves today.

Adjective: The office building faces the mall.

Possession: The lion’s cage is dangerous. My brother’s daughter is adorable.


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